Windows监控:基于Prometheus+Grafana监控CPU、内存、磁盘、网络、GPU信息

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目录

1. 系统环境准备

windows_exporter-0.13.0-amd64

Collectors 指标

nvidia_smi_exporter

nvidia-smi.exe查看GPU信息

 nvidia-smi 输出信息解释

prometheus-2.19.2.windows-amd64

grafana-7.1.5.windows-amd64

2. 安装wmi-exporter

3. 安装nvidia_smi_exporter

构建

运行

访问:localhost:9101/metrics

等价Command

Prometheus 配置

4. 安装prometheus

prometheus配置

prometheus启动

访问prometheus

5. 安装Grafana

启动Grafana

Grafana配置数据源 

Grafana选择监控仪表盘

6. 自动化启动脚本


1. 系统环境准备

windows_exporter-0.13.0-amd64

下载地址:https://github.com/martinlindhe/wmi_exporter/releases

A Prometheus exporter for Windows machines. 可以帮助收集windows上的CPU、内存、磁盘、网络

Collectors 指标

NameDescriptionEnabled by default
adActive Directory Domain Services 
adfsActive Directory Federation Services 
cpuCPU usage
cs"Computer System" metrics (system properties, num cpus/total memory)
containerContainer metrics 
dhcpDHCP Server 
dnsDNS Server 
exchangeExchange metrics 
fsrmquotaMicrosoft File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) Quotas collector 
hypervHyper-V hosts 
iisIIS sites and applications 
logical_diskLogical disks, disk I/O
logonUser logon sessions 
memoryMemory usage metrics 
msmqMSMQ queues 
mssqlSQL Server Performance Objects metrics 
netframework_clrexceptions.NET Framework CLR Exceptions 
netframework_clrinterop.NET Framework Interop Metrics 
netframework_clrjit.NET Framework JIT metrics 
netframework_clrloading.NET Framework CLR Loading metrics 
netframework_clrlocksandthreads.NET Framework locks and metrics threads 
netframework_clrmemory.NET Framework Memory metrics 
netframework_clrremoting.NET Framework Remoting metrics 
netframework_clrsecurity.NET Framework Security Check metrics 
netNetwork interface I/O
osOS metrics (memory, processes, users)
processPer-process metrics 
remote_fxRemoteFX protocol (RDP) metrics 
serviceService state metrics
systemSystem calls
tcpTCP connections 
thermalzoneThermal information 
terminal_servicesTerminal services (RDS) 
textfileRead prometheus metrics from a text file
vmwarePerformance counters installed by the Vmware Guest agent 

有关报指标,配置设置和使用示例的更多信息,请参见每个收集器上的链接文档。

nvidia_smi_exporter

下载地址:https://github.com/zhebrak/nvidia_smi_exporter

他是用于Prometheus的一个nvidia-smi metrics exporter ,可以帮助手机windows中的GPU信息,相当于执行了如下命令

nvidia-smi --query-gpu=name,index,temperature.gpu,utilization.gpu,utilization.memory,memory.total,memory.free,memory.used --format=csv,noheader,nounits

nvidia-smi.exe查看GPU信息

(1)打开cmd窗口(win+R,再输入cmd)

(2)进入C:\Program Files\NVIDIA Corporation\NVSMI中,执行nvidia-smi.exe

C:\Users\Administrator
λ cd C:\Program Files\NVIDIA Corporation\NVSMI

C:\Program Files\NVIDIA Corporation\NVSMI
λ nvidia-smi.exe -l
Fri Aug 28 10:58:21 2020
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| NVIDIA-SMI 446.14       Driver Version: 446.14       CUDA Version: 11.0     |
|-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+
| GPU  Name            TCC/WDDM | Bus-Id        Disp.A | Volatile Uncorr. ECC |
| Fan  Temp  Perf  Pwr:Usage/Cap|         Memory-Usage | GPU-Util  Compute M. |
|===============================+======================+======================|
|   0  GeForce GTX 106... WDDM  | 00000000:01:00.0  On |                  N/A |
| 27%   36C    P8    10W / 120W |   1079MiB /  6144MiB |      2%      Default |
+-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+

+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Processes:                                                                  |
|  GPU                  PID   Type   Process name                  GPU Memory |
|                                                                  Usage      |
|=============================================================================|
|    0                  680    C+G   ...lPanel\SystemSettings.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 1388    C+G   ...U-2019.1.3\bin\idea64.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 1704    C+G   ...w5n1h2txyewy\SearchUI.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 2328    C+G   ...gram\WeChat\WeChatApp.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 3220    C+G   ...sk\baidunetdiskrender.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 5296    C+G   ...y\ShellExperienceHost.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 5940    C+G   ...me\Application\chrome.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 6976    C+G   ...b3d8bbwe\WinStore.App.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 8636    C+G   ...ekyb3d8bbwe\YourPhone.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 8664    C+G   ...es.TextInput.InputApp.exe    N/A      |
|    0                 9880    C+G   ...kyb3d8bbwe\Calculator.exe    N/A      |
|    0                11552    C+G   ...2701\Applet\WeChatApp.exe    N/A      |
|    0                11560    C+G   ...1055.127\DesktopMgr64.exe    N/A      |
|    0                11864    C+G   ...gram\WeChat\wechatweb.exe    N/A      |
|    0                12840    C+G   Insufficient Permissions        N/A      |
|    0                13792    C+G   C:\Windows\explorer.exe         N/A      |
|    0                16004    C+G   ...typora\program\Typora.exe    N/A      |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

 nvidia-smi 输出信息解释

表格中会显示显卡的一些信息,第一行是版本信息,第二行是标题栏,第三行就是具体的显卡信息了,如果有多个显卡,会有多行,每一行的信息值对应标题栏对应位置的信息。

GPU:编号,0

Name:显卡名,NVS 4200M

TCC/WDDM:WDDM

Fan:风扇转速,在0到100%之间变动。N/A,表示没转

Temp:显卡温度,这里是66摄氏度

Perf:性能状态,congP0-P12,P0性能最大,P12最小,这里是P0

Pwr:能耗,Usage是使用量,Cap是总量

BusId:涉及GPU总线

Disp.A:表示GPU的显示是否已经初始化

Memory-Usage:显存使用率,这里才用很少,5%不到

CPU-Util:GPU利用率

Compute M:计算模式

需要注意的一点是显存占用率和GPU占用率是两个不一样的东西,类似于内存和CPU,两个指标的占用率不一定是互相对应的。

prometheus-2.19.2.windows-amd64

下载地址:https://prometheus.io/download/      

选择windows 版本即可

grafana-7.1.5.windows-amd64

下载地址:https://grafana.com/grafana/download  
选择windows 版本即可

2. 安装wmi-exporter

  • 下载地址:https://github.com/martinlindhe/wmi_exporter/releases选择最新msi文件下载安装即可。
  • 完成安装后会自动创建一个开机自启的服务,通过服务(services.msc)判断是否有有windows_exporter

  • 通过访问http://ip+默认端口9182(如:http://localhost:9182) 出现下图,即代表安装采集数据成功。

3. 安装nvidia_smi_exporter

依赖于go的编译环境

go的下载:https://golang.google.cn/dl/

构建

> go build -v nvidia_smi_exporter

会自动生成一个nvidia_smi_exporter.exe文件

运行

> ./nvidia_smi_exporter [<port>]

Default port is 9101

访问:localhost:9101/metrics

temperature_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[0]"} 41
utilization_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[0]"} 0
utilization_memory{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[0]"} 0
memory_total{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[0]"} 12189
memory_free{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[0]"} 12189
memory_used{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[0]"} 0
temperature_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[1]"} 78
utilization_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[1]"} 95
utilization_memory{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[1]"} 59
memory_total{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[1]"} 12189
memory_free{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[1]"} 1738
memory_used{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[1]"} 10451
temperature_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[2]"} 83
utilization_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[2]"} 99
utilization_memory{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[2]"} 82
memory_total{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[2]"} 12189
memory_free{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[2]"} 190
memory_used{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[2]"} 11999
temperature_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[3]"} 84
utilization_gpu{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[3]"} 97
utilization_memory{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[3]"} 76
memory_total{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[3]"} 12189
memory_free{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[3]"} 536
memory_used{gpu="TITAN X (Pascal)[3]"} 11653

等价Command

nvidia-smi --query-gpu=name,index,temperature.gpu,utilization.gpu,utilization.memory,memory.total,memory.free,memory.used --format=csv,noheader,nounits

Prometheus 配置

- job_name: "gpu_exporter"
  static_configs:
  - targets: ['localhost:9101']

4. 安装prometheus

  • 下载地址:https://prometheus.io/download/       
  • 选择windows 版本即可

prometheus配置

下载解压后,修改配置文件,修改新增windows_exporter、nvidia_smi_exporter数据采集器配置:

# my global config
global:
  scrape_interval:     15s # Set the scrape interval to every 15 seconds. Default is every 1 minute.
  evaluation_interval: 15s # Evaluate rules every 15 seconds. The default is every 1 minute.
  # scrape_timeout is set to the global default (10s).

# Alertmanager configuration
alerting:
  alertmanagers:
  - static_configs:
    - targets:
      # - alertmanager:9093

# Load rules once and periodically evaluate them according to the global 'evaluation_interval'.
rule_files:
  # - "first_rules.yml"
  # - "second_rules.yml"

# A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape:
# Here it's Prometheus itself.
scrape_configs:
  # The job name is added as a label `job=<job_name>` to any timeseries scraped from this config.
  - job_name: 'Win-162'
    # metrics_path defaults to '/metrics'
    # scheme defaults to 'http'.
    static_configs:
    - targets: ['10.0.50.162:9182']
  # The job name is added as a label `job=<job_name>` to any timeseries scraped from this config.
  - job_name: 'Win-162-GPU'
    # metrics_path defaults to '/metrics'
    # scheme defaults to 'http'.
    static_configs:
    - targets: ['10.0.50.162:9101']

prometheus启动

 启动,cmd进入安装目录(& – -> 后台运行)

prometheus.exe --config.file=prometheus.yml --web.listen-address=:9090 &

访问prometheus

访问 http://ip:9090 ,(如:http://localhost:9090)出现如下界面即为prometheus安装成功、数据采集器验证成功 (PS: up为成功,down 为不成功。)

5. 安装Grafana

  • 下载地址:https://grafana.com/grafana/download    
  • 选择windows 版本即可

启动Grafana

 解压完成,进入bin目录启动grafana-server.exe     打开浏览器访问 http://ip:3000,(如:http://localhost:3000) 用户名/密码 admin/admin

Grafana配置数据源 

 Configuration  --   Add data source ---  Prometheus , 输入名称,prometheus的访问url ,点击保存测试,验证是否成功

Grafana选择监控仪表盘

访问地址:https://grafana.com/dashboards  ---  serch框输入windows  ----  选择心仪模板 (注意模板所支持的数据源为prometheus)  -----   进行 ID 或者JOSN文件两种方式导入。

推荐使用ID

仪表盘模板推荐

模板ID:  10467

-- Windows的Prometheus监控看板展示,增加了资源汇总展示,优化了明细展示。更新支持windows_exporter 0.13.0。

模板导入成功即可看到监控数据

但是他没有GPU信息,我们通过添加panel来显示GPU的温度和使用率,改造后的仪表盘JOSN文件

{
  "annotations": {
    "list": [
      {
        "builtIn": 1,
        "datasource": "-- Grafana --",
        "enable": true,
        "hide": true,
        "iconColor": "rgba(0, 211, 255, 1)",
        "name": "Annotations & Alerts",
        "type": "dashboard"
      }
    ]
  },
  "description": "Windows的Prometheus监控看板展示,增加了资源汇总展示,优化了明细展示。更新支持windows_exporter 0.13.0。同时支持nvidia_smi_exporter的GPU温度和使用率展示",
  "editable": true,
  "gnetId": 10467,
  "graphTooltip": 1,
  "id": 1,
  "iteration": 1598863585509,
  "links": [
    {
      "asDropdown": true,
      "icon": "external link",
      "tags": [],
      "targetBlank": true,
      "type": "dashboards"
    }
  ],
  "panels": [
    {
      "collapsed": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 1,
        "w": 24,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 41,
      "panels": [],
      "title": "资源总览(关联JOB项)当前选中主机:【$show_hostname】实例:$instance",
      "type": "row"
    },
    {
      "columns": [],
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "fieldConfig": {
        "defaults": {
          "custom": {}
        },
        "overrides": []
      },
      "fontSize": "80%",
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 6,
        "w": 24,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 1
      },
      "id": 45,
      "pageSize": null,
      "showHeader": true,
      "sort": {
        "col": 0,
        "desc": true
      },
      "styles": [
        {
          "alias": "操作系统",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "product",
          "preserveFormat": false,
          "sanitize": false,
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "string",
          "unit": "short",
          "valueMaps": []
        },
        {
          "alias": "主机名",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "link": false,
          "linkTooltip": "",
          "linkUrl": "",
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "hostname",
          "preserveFormat": false,
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "string",
          "unit": "short"
        },
        {
          "alias": "instance(连接到明细)",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "link": true,
          "linkTargetBlank": false,
          "linkTooltip": "${__cell_4}",
          "linkUrl": "/d/Kdh0OoSGz/?var-job=${__cell_5}&var-hostname=All&var-instance=${__cell_4}",
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "instance",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "string",
          "unit": "short"
        },
        {
          "alias": "CPU核数",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #B",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "string",
          "unit": "short"
        },
        {
          "alias": "总内存",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": null,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #C",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "bytes"
        },
        {
          "alias": "运行时间",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": "cell",
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": null,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #D",
          "thresholds": [
            "259200",
            "432000"
          ],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "s"
        },
        {
          "alias": "C盘使用率",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": "cell",
          "colors": [
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #E",
          "thresholds": [
            "60",
            "80"
          ],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "percentunit"
        },
        {
          "alias": "使用最多分区%",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": "cell",
          "colors": [
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #F",
          "thresholds": [
            "60",
            "80"
          ],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "percentunit"
        },
        {
          "alias": "进程数",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "link": false,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #G",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "string",
          "unit": "short"
        },
        {
          "alias": "运行服务",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #H",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "string",
          "unit": "short"
        },
        {
          "alias": "CPU使用率",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": "cell",
          "colors": [
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #I",
          "thresholds": [
            "50",
            "70"
          ],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "percent"
        },
        {
          "alias": "内存使用率",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": "cell",
          "colors": [
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #J",
          "thresholds": [
            "60",
            "80"
          ],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "percent"
        },
        {
          "alias": "CPU频率",
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "dateFormat": "YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss",
          "decimals": 2,
          "mappingType": 1,
          "pattern": "Value #K",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "rothz"
        },
        {
          "alias": "",
          "align": "right",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "decimals": 2,
          "pattern": "/.*/",
          "thresholds": [],
          "type": "hidden",
          "unit": "short"
        }
      ],
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "windows_os_info{job=~\"$job\"} * on(instance) group_right(product) windows_cs_hostname",
          "format": "table",
          "instant": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "A"
        },
        {
          "expr": "time() - windows_system_system_up_time{job=~\"$job\"}",
          "format": "table",
          "instant": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "D"
        },
        {
          "expr": "windows_cs_logical_processors{job=~\"$job\"} - 0",
          "format": "table",
          "instant": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "B"
        },
        {
          "expr": "avg by (instance) (windows_cpu_core_frequency_mhz{job=~\"$job\"})",
          "format": "table",
          "instant": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "K"
        },
        {
          "expr": "100 - (avg by (instance) (irate(windows_cpu_time_total{job=~\"$job\",mode=\"idle\"}[2m])) * 100)",
          "format": "table",
          "instant": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "CPU使用率",
          "refId": "I"
        },
        {
          "expr": "windows_cs_physical_memory_bytes{job=~\"$job\"} - 0",
          "format": "table",
          "instant": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "C"
        },
        {
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      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 1,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "percentage": false,
      "pluginVersion": "7.1.5",
      "pointradius": 5,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": false,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "application": {
            "filter": ""
          },
          "expr": "irate(windows_system_exception_dispatches_total{job=~\"$job\",instance=~\"$instance\"}[5m])",
          "format": "time_series",
          "functions": [],
          "group": {
            "filter": ""
          },
          "hide": false,
          "host": {
            "filter": ""
          },
          "interval": "",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "item": {
            "filter": ""
          },
          "legendFormat": "exceptions",
          "metric": "mysql_global_status_questions",
          "mode": 0,
          "options": {
            "showDisabledItems": false
          },
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 20
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "System exception dispatches",
      "tooltip": {
        "shared": false,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "individual"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": true,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    }
  ],
  "refresh": false,
  "schemaVersion": 26,
  "style": "dark",
  "tags": [
    "Prometheus",
    "windows_exporter"
  ],
  "templating": {
    "list": [
      {
        "allValue": null,
        "current": {
          "selected": false,
          "text": "Win-225",
          "value": "Win-225"
        },
        "datasource": "Prometheus",
        "definition": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname, job)",
        "hide": 0,
        "includeAll": false,
        "label": "JOB",
        "multi": false,
        "name": "job",
        "options": [],
        "query": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname, job)",
        "refresh": 1,
        "regex": "",
        "skipUrlSync": false,
        "sort": 1,
        "tagValuesQuery": "",
        "tags": [],
        "tagsQuery": "",
        "type": "query",
        "useTags": false
      },
      {
        "allValue": null,
        "current": {
          "selected": false,
          "text": "All",
          "value": "$__all"
        },
        "datasource": "Prometheus",
        "definition": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname{job=~\"$job\"}, hostname)",
        "hide": 0,
        "includeAll": true,
        "label": "主机名",
        "multi": false,
        "name": "hostname",
        "options": [],
        "query": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname{job=~\"$job\"}, hostname)",
        "refresh": 1,
        "regex": "",
        "skipUrlSync": false,
        "sort": 5,
        "tagValuesQuery": "",
        "tags": [],
        "tagsQuery": "",
        "type": "query",
        "useTags": false
      },
      {
        "allValue": null,
        "current": {
          "selected": false,
          "text": "10.0.50.225:9182",
          "value": "10.0.50.225:9182"
        },
        "datasource": "Prometheus",
        "definition": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname{job=~\"$job\",hostname=~\"$hostname\"}, instance)",
        "hide": 0,
        "includeAll": false,
        "label": "instance",
        "multi": false,
        "name": "instance",
        "options": [],
        "query": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname{job=~\"$job\",hostname=~\"$hostname\"}, instance)",
        "refresh": 1,
        "regex": "",
        "skipUrlSync": false,
        "sort": 5,
        "tagValuesQuery": "",
        "tags": [],
        "tagsQuery": "",
        "type": "query",
        "useTags": false
      },
      {
        "allValue": null,
        "current": {
          "selected": false,
          "text": "SKY-20190610LFO",
          "value": "SKY-20190610LFO"
        },
        "datasource": "Prometheus",
        "definition": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname{job=~\"$job\",instance=~\"$instance\"}, hostname)",
        "hide": 2,
        "includeAll": false,
        "label": "展示使用的主机名",
        "multi": false,
        "name": "show_hostname",
        "options": [],
        "query": "label_values(windows_cs_hostname{job=~\"$job\",instance=~\"$instance\"}, hostname)",
        "refresh": 1,
        "regex": "",
        "skipUrlSync": false,
        "sort": 0,
        "tagValuesQuery": "",
        "tags": [],
        "tagsQuery": "",
        "type": "query",
        "useTags": false
      }
    ]
  },
  "time": {
    "from": "now-3h",
    "to": "now"
  },
  "timepicker": {
    "refresh_intervals": [
      "10s",
      "30s",
      "1m",
      "5m",
      "15m",
      "30m",
      "1h",
      "2h",
      "1d"
    ],
    "time_options": [
      "5m",
      "15m",
      "1h",
      "6h",
      "12h",
      "24h",
      "2d",
      "7d",
      "30d"
    ]
  },
  "timezone": "",
  "title": "Windows Overriew",
  "uid": "Kdh0OoSGz",
  "version": 2
}

6. 自动化启动脚本

@echo off
echo.
echo Windows指标采集[开始准备]
echo.

echo CPU\Mem\Disk\Net采集[开始]
echo 依赖于windows_exporter-0.13.0-amd64服务,完成安装后会自动创建一个开机自启的服务,通过服务(services.msc)判断有windows_exporter
echo CPU\Mem\Disk\Net采集[开始]-- 可以通过 http://localhost:9182/metrics 访问


echo GPU采集[开始]
start /d "D:\JT\java\prometheus\nvidia_smi_exporter" nvidia_smi_exporter.exe & ping localhost -n 2
::urlstatus=$(curl -X GET -i  http://localhost:9101/metrics  | grep 200)
::if [ "$urlstatus" != "" ];then
::	echo "GPU采集准备好了" 
::fi
echo "GPU采集[完成]-- 可以通过 http://localhost:9101/metrics 访问"

echo Prometheus[开始]
start /d "D:\JT\java\prometheus\prometheus-2.19.2.windows-amd64" prometheus.exe --config.file=prometheus.yml --web.listen-address=:9090 & ping localhost -n 30
echo Prometheus[完成] -- 可以通过 http://localhost:9090 访问

echo Grafana[开始]
start /d "D:\JT\java\prometheus\grafana-7.1.5.windows-amd64\grafana-7.1.5\bin" grafana-server.exe & ping localhost -n 30
echo Grafana[完成] -- 可以通过 http://localhost:3000/d/Kdh0OoSGz/win-162?orgId=1 访问 【账号:admin 密码:123456】

::执行完命令后关闭cmd命令窗口
::设置开机时运行
::bat脚本复制到此文件夹C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp
echo Windows指标采集[准备完毕]
::taskkill /f /im cmd.exe
::exit
pause

 

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<p> <span style="color:#000000;"><span>本套课程由浅入深地对</span><span>Prometheus</span><span>进行了全方位的介绍,内容通俗易懂,理论与实践相结合。首先从监控体系讲起,介绍了关于监控的各种经典理论和方法。然后循序渐进地介绍了</span><span>Prometheus</span><span>的各个功能组件和配置方法,包括监控主机和容器、服务发现、警报管理,以及</span><span>Kubernetes</span><span>和运行其上的应用程序的监控。后面讲解了</span><span>kube-prometheus</span><span>的详细用法。</span></span> </p> <p> <br /></p> <p> <span style="color:#333333;">主要讲解prometheus、alertmanager的以下几个方面:</span> </p> <p> <span style="color:#333333;"> 1. Prometheus</span><span style="color:#333333;">服务器部署及PromQL的查询及使用案例</span> </p> <p> <span style="color:#333333;"> 2. Alertmanager</span><span style="color:#333333;">的使用详解</span> </p> <p> <span style="color:#333333;"> 3. 常见的日志告警,如邮件、钉钉、微信等</span> </p> <p> <span style="color:#333333;"> 4. 在kubernetes中监控的手工部署、应用监控。</span> </p> <p> <span style="color:#333333;"> 5. kube-prometheus</span><span style="color:#333333;">在Kubernetes的应用,对k8s的各个组件的监控、告警、和对部署在k8s中应用的监控。</span> </p> <p> <br /></p> <p> <span style="color:#FF0000;">注意:<span>本课程学习需要具有一定的Linux基础,网络基础,至少需要您了解网络七层协议,路由等基础知识,并掌握Docker和k8s相关知识点。</span></span> </p> <p> <br /></p> <p> <img src="https://img-bss.csdn.net/202004060432565966.png" alt="" /></p> <p> <img src="https://img-bss.csdn.net/202004060434481460.png" alt="" /></p> <p> <img src="https://img-bss.csdn.net/202004060435114057.png" alt="" /></p>
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